The illumination of the sea. In the Black sea there is a sparkling glow due to the outbreaks of small and microscopic marine organisms (nochesvetka, peritonei) and representing a single same color sparks. The intensity increases with excitement, the passage of a vessel, etc. Sparkling luminescence is usually observed in summer and autumn. It is particularly intense in the coastal zone.
Flowering sea due to the massive accumulation of planktonic (usually vegetable, but sometimes animals) organisms in surface water. At flowering significantly reduced water clarity and change its color; water becomes yellow, brown or reddish tint. In this area the algal blooms observed mainly in the northwestern part of the sea, as well as in gulfs and bays. It is possible throughout the year, but most likely from February to may.
Algae. In the Black sea is particularly prevalent red algae — Phyllophora that forms in the northwestern part of the sea at depths of 20-60 m huge bushes. From other algae it should be noted diatoms, perogitive, blue-green and brown. In the bays, estuaries, lagoons and bays at depths of usually not more than 10-12 meters often found in the Zostera, or sea grass. Continue reading
In the center of Sevastopol, on the shore of Artillery Bay, is a building of Institute of biology of southern seas named after A. O. Kovalevsky of national Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. In the lower floor of the Institute is the Sevastopol marine aquarium-Museum.
This is one of the oldest aquariums in the world and the only sea aquarium in Ukraine, it was founded in 1897. The aquarium is a unique Museum that gives a glimpse into the exciting and challenging life of the Kingdom of Neptune. Currently in the Aquarium presents more than 180 species of animals: this bespozvonochnye, black sea and tropical fish, and always the mesmerizing sight of the reptiles. In the Aquarium there is an extensive collection of live tropical fish that live among the coral reefs.
It is a predatory Moray eels, and a charming clown fish, lionfish treacherous and unsafe fish-surgeons, painted triggerfish and live real sharks. There is in the famous aquarium and freshwater fish: the famous piranha and their close relatives – major bezobidnyj black PACU, predatory Aravan, called the dragon of the Amazon and of an unusual shape of fish-knives. Continue reading